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What is the meaning of the 2 lines in the corner of a cheque, when is it necessary to write it?


Almost everyone does banking, but very few people use cheques. Many people among them do not know about different types of cheques. One such check is a Cross Cheque, under which two parallel lines are drawn on the top left corner of the cheque. Do you know why these lines are drawn? Let us know every detail of cross check according to the Negotiable Instruments Act 1881.

According to Section 123 of the Negotiable Instruments Act 1881, the person issuing the check informs the bank through two lines drawn on the left-hand corner of the check that it is a crossed cheque. The special thing about this check is that you cannot go to any bank and withdraw cash from it.

Crossing a check ensures that payment will be made into the bank account only. This payment can be made to the person whose name is written on the cheque. Or that person can also endorse the check to someone, for which it becomes necessary for him to sign on the back of the cheque.

There are many types of cross-checks. The first is general crossing, in which two lines are drawn on the edge of the cheque. Whatever we talked about till now about cross-checking comes under general crossing only.

According to Section 124 of the Negotiable Instruments Act 1881, special crossing is done when the issuer of the check wants the check to go into the account of a particular bank of the person to whom the money is to be paid. Suppose the person to whom money is to be given has accounts in many banks. In such a situation, the person issuing the check can write the name of the bank by drawing two parallel lines in the space at the bottom of the cheque. In such a situation, money can be deposited through that check only in the account of that bank, whose name will be written on the cheque.

If Account Payee (A/C Payee) is written between the crossing lines in the cheque, it means that only the person whose name is written on the check can withdraw money from it. He can withdraw money by depositing a check in any bank account. However, if the name of any bank has been written while doing special crossing, then the money will go to that bank only. The most important thing about this check is that it cannot be endorsed by anyone. Its money will go to the account of only that person whose name is written on the cheque. Let us tell you that there is no mention of this in the Negotiable Instruments Act 1881, but many banks follow this practice. This is also mentioned on the website of HDFC Bank.

The purpose of issuing a crossed check is only that the amount of the check should be given to the person to whom the person issuing the check wants to give it. In such a situation, even if the check falls into the wrong hands, he will not be able to withdraw money from it. That is, crossing the check increases its security.